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The Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction, more usually called the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) was concluded by the Conference on Disarmament (CD) in 1993 after some 20 years of desultory negotiations.
The political conditions, given urgency as a consequence of Saddam Hussein's development, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons, enabled governments to apply a comprehensive approach to chemical weapons threats by establishing a nondiscriminatory prohibition regime that required all the existing chemical weapons arsenals to be verifiably dismantled and destroyed.
The CWC entered into force in 1997 with the most fully defined and intrusive verification regime ever developed. At time of writing there are 174 states parties to the treaty. A further 12 states have signed but not ratified, while 8 remain outside the treaty.
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