'Urgent Call' Made to End the Nuclear Danger
In early June, three prominent US proponents of radical nuclear disarmament launched a public petition - 'End the Nuclear Danger: an Urgent Call' - demanding decisive movement toward a nuclear-weapon-free world. In their appeal, Jonathan Schell, author and Harold Willens Peace Fellow of The Nation Institute, Randall Caroline Forsberg, Director of the Institute for Defense and Disarmament Studies, and David Cortright, President of the Fourth Freedom Forum, vividly convey the need for immediate steps away from the precipice:
"A decade after the end of the Cold War, the peril of nuclear destruction is mounting. The great powers have refused to give up nuclear arms, other countries are producing them and terrorist groups are trying to acquire them.
Poorly guarded warheads and nuclear material in the former Soviet Union may fall into the hands of terrorists. The Bush Administration is developing nuclear 'bunker busters' and threatening to use them against non-nuclear countries. The risk of nuclear war between India and Pakistan is grave.
Despite the end of the Cold War, the United States plans to keep large numbers of nuclear weapons indefinitely. The latest US-Russian treaty, which will cut deployed strategic warheads to 2,200, leaves both nations facing 'assured destruction' and lets them keep total arsenals (active and inactive, strategic and tactical) of more than 10,000 warheads each.
The dangers posed by huge arsenals, threats of use, proliferation and terrorism are linked: the nuclear powers' refusal to disarm fuels proliferation, and proliferation makes nuclear materials more accessible to terrorists.
The events of September 11 brought home to Americans what it means to experience a catastrophic attack. Yet the horrifying losses that day were only a fraction of what any nation would suffer if a single nuclear weapon were used on a city.
The drift toward catastrophe must be reversed. Safety from nuclear destruction must be our goal. We can reach it only by reducing and then eliminating nuclear arms under binding agreements.
We therefore call on the United States and Russia to fulfill their commitments under the Non-Proliferation Treaty to move together with the other nuclear powers, step by carefully inspected and verified step, to the abolition of nuclear weapons. As key steps toward this goal, we call on the United States to:
To sign the Urgent Call, please visit http://www.urgentcall.org/php/petitition.php.
Report: End the Nuclear Danger: an Urgent Call, initiated June 2002 by David Cortright, Randy Forsberg and Jonathan Schell, http://www.urgentcall.org.
© 2002 The Acronym Institute.