E3 Proposal to Iran

Author(s): Governments of France, Germany and the United Kingdom
5 August 2005
Excerpts from the Proposal

Full text of the E3 (France, Germany and United Kingdom) proposal for a Framework for a long-term agreement between the E3 and Iran is available at:

http://www.acronym.org.uk/docs/0508/EU050808.pdf.

Iran's response condemning the proposal as an "insult on the Iranian nation" is available below.

Excerpts from the Proposal

The Proposal covers Political and Security Co-operation, including non-proliferation, terrorism, regional security and combating drug trafficking; a section on Long Term Support for Iran's Civil Nuclear Programme; and a section on Economic and Technological Cooperation including Energy cooperation, trade and investment, WTO accession, export controls, etc. The proposal includes recommendations that the E3/EU and Iran would:

  • affirm that a final agreement on long-term arrangements providing objective guarantees that Iran's nuclear programme is exclusively for peaceful purposes would lead immediately to a higher state of relations based on a process of collaboration in different areas;

  • the United Kingdom and France would be prepared to reaffirm to Iran the unilateral security assurances given on 6 April 1995, and referred to in United Nations Security Council Resolution 984 (1995).

  • reaffirm their commitment to abide by security and nonproliferation treaties to which they are party, and recall the need for more consistent monitoring, effective implementation and, where necessary, firmer enforcement of such treaties;

  • stress the importance of universal adherence to and full implementation of and compliance with disarmament and nonproliferation treaties and of the full implementation of the IAEA safeguards agreements and additional protocols; work towards the conclusion of a Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty; where it has not already been done, conclude an Additional Protocol; become party to the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty; and subscribe to the Hague International Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation;

  • reaffirm their commitment to the objective of an effectively verifiable Middle East zone free of weapons of mass destruction, nuclear, biological and chemical, and their means of delivery, consistent with the resolution on the Middle-East adopted at the 1995 NPT review and extension conference, United Nations Security Council Resolution 687 (1991), and the relevant resolutions of the United Nations General Assembly.

  • confirm that the prevention of proliferation of WMD should not hamper international co-operation for peaceful purposes, in accordance with the relevant international obligations, while underlining that the goal of peaceful utilisation must not be used as a cover for proliferation.

The E3/EU recognise Iran's rights under Article IV of the NPT to develop research, production and use of nuclear energy without discrimination in conformity with its obligations under the NPT.

  • The E3/EU recognise Iran's right to develop a civil nuclear power generation programme to reduce its dependence on oil and gas and to choose the most appropriate mix of energy sources to meet its needs as it perceives them, consistent with its international obligations.
  • The E3/EU therefore declare, within the context of an overall agreement and a mutually acceptable agreement on long-term arrangements, their willingness to support Iran to develop a safe, economically viable and proliferation-proof civil nuclear power generation and research programme that conforms with its energy needs.
  • The E3/EU fully support long-term co-operation in the civil nuclear field between Iran and Russia.

Within the context of an overall agreement, co-operation between the E3/EU and Iran in the civil nuclear field would move forward within the following framework:

  • Iran would have access to the international nuclear technologies market where contracts are awarded on the basis of open competitive tendering, recognising the right of companies to determine their own commercial strategies and choices;

  • co-operation would be conditional on Iran's full implementation of its relevant international obligations and commitments, including the long-term arrangements agreed between the E3/EU and Iran, resolution by the IAEA of all questions raised under Iran's Safeguards Agreement and Additional Protocol, and continued cooperation with the IAEA;

  • under United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540, and based on respective national, European and international norms, the E3/EU and Iran are obliged to