India Nuclear Tests, 11 & 13 May 1998

United Nations; G8 Foreign Ministers; Governments of Australia, Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, Fra
27 May 1998
International Comments

unconditionally undertaken not to use or threaten to use nuclear weapons against non-nuclear-weapon States and nuclear-free zones. This gratutitous accusation by India against China is solely for the purpose of finding an excuse for the development of its nuclear weapons. The Chinese Government will continue to closely watch the development of the situation."

Source: Chinese Embassy in Washington, web-site http://www.china-embassy.org

Denmark

Foreign Ministry Statement, 12 May

"It will pose a risk for southern Asia if the nuclear tests mean that India becomes a nuclear power. This can increase tension in the region and such a development would be extremely alarming."

Source: Denmark freezes aid to India over nuclear blasts, Reuters, 12 May.

Finland

Remarks by Prime Minister Paavo Lipponen, 12 May

"We are...convinced that the whole EU will protest about nuclear weapon tests. I fear that this could lead to a spread of nuclear weapons again..."

Source: Denmark freezes aid to India over nuclear blasts, Reuters, 12 May.

France

Foreign Ministry statement, 11 May

"France reiterates its commitment both to the cause of disarmament and non-proliferation and to the improvement of security and stability in South Asia. In this context, it expresses its concern and calls on all the region's States to show restraint.

The implementation of the Indian Government's declarations on its participation in the negotiation of a treaty cutting off the production of fissile material for use in nuclear weapons (FMCT) and its attitude to the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty will be the subject of close scrutiny on our part. France calls on India to sign this treaty."

Source: Foreign Ministry Daily Press Briefing, 12 May.

Remarks by Government Spokesperson Daniel Vaillant, 13 May

"The French Government does not encourage the Americans to pursue sanctions because this is surely not the right method for attempting to assure that India joins those nations wishing to sign the non-proliferation treaties..."

Source: France opposes US sanctions on India over tests, Reuters, 13 May.

Germany

Statement by the Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, 12 May

"Following yesterday's nuclear tests by India...the Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development, Carl-Dieter Spranger, has called off the Government talks with India on development policy... India has been a focal point of German development work over the last 40 years. German concerns over the relationship between development expenditure and military expenditure...have repeatedly been an obstacle in the political dialogue between India and Germany."

Source: Germany calls off aid talks with India, Reuters, 12 May.

Statement by Ambassador Gunther Seibert to the CD, 14 May

"The German Government calls upon the Indian Government to live up to its great responsibility for peace and stability in the region and to do everything in its power to support the international nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament efforts. The Non-Proliferation Treaty must be applied universally. India must not stay away from it forever. We appeal to India to sign the Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty now so that nuclear tests will become a thing of the past once and for all. We call upon India to enter into a concrete security dialogue with its neighbours in order to avert the threat of a nuclear arms race in the region. We urgently appeal to India's neighbours, for their part, to exercise restraint.

Recent events have shown how important the efforts aimed at further substantial steps in the direction of nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation are."

Iraq

Comment by Al-Thawra newspaper, 17 May

"We cannot see how anyone can ask India not to develop nuclear weapons and its long-range missiles at a time [when] it is like any other big State with its human and scientific potential... When superpowers give themselves the right to conduct nuclear tests and keep huge arsenals of nuclear bombs they lure other countries to follow suit, overtly or covertly..."

Source: Iraq says India has nuclear right, Associated Press, 17 May.

Japan

Statement by Chief Cabinet Secretary Kanezo Muraoka, 12 May

"It is extremely regrettable that India conducted such testing, resisting the global trend to ban nuclear testing, while the international community including Japan has repeatedly requested the new Government of India to [exercise] maximum self-restraint on nuclear policies. Japan strongly urges [India]...to