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US-North Korea Understandings on Verification, 11 October 2008
U.S.-North Korea Understandings on Verification, Fact Sheet Office
of the Spokesman, State Department, Washington, DC, 11 October 2008.
- The participants in the Six-Party Talks have for some time been discussing
the importance of verification measures that will allow the Parties
to reliably verify North Korea’s denuclearization as the process
- The Six-Party Heads of Delegation met in July to discuss verification
measures, and draft papers were exchanged among the Parties.
- On July 12, China, the Chair of the Six-Party Talks, released a Press
Communiqué stating that verification measures would include visits
to facilities, review of documents, and interviews with technical personnel
as well as other measures unanimously agreed among the Six Parties.
- Upon the invitation of the North Korean government, a U.S. negotiating
team on behalf of the Six Parties visited Pyongyang from October 1 –
3 for intensive talks on verification measures.
- Based upon these discussions, U.S. and North Korean negotiators agreed
on a number of important verification measures, including:
- Agreement that experts from all Six Parties may participate in
verification activities, including experts from non-nuclear states;
- Agreement that the IAEA will have an important consultative and
support role in verification
- Agreement that experts will have access to all declared facilities
and, based on mutual consent, to undeclared sites;
- Agreement on the use of scientific procedures, including sampling
and forensic activities; and
- Agreement that all measures contained in the Verification Protocol
will apply to the plutonium-based program and any uranium enrichment
and proliferation activities. In addition, the Monitoring Mechanism
already agreed by the Six Parties to monitor compliance with Six-Party
documents applies to proliferation and uranium enrichment activities.
- The U.S.-DPRK agreement on these verification measures has been codified
in a joint document between the United States and North Korea and certain
other understandings, and has been reaffirmed through intensive consultations.
The agreement and associated understandings have been conveyed to the
- These measures will serve as the baseline for a Verification Protocol
to be finalized and adopted by the Six Parties in the near future.
- Verification of the North Korea declaration submitted on June 26 has
already begun with review of the over 18,000 pages of operating records
from Yongbyon that North Korea provided on May 8.
Source: US Department of State, www.state.gov.
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