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US-India Civilian Nuclear Cooperation Agreement, Joint Statement by
President Bush and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, July 18, 2005
Joint Statement Between President George W. Bush and Prime Minister
See also: State Department Fact Sheet below
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and President Bush today declare their
resolve to transform the relationship between their countries and establish
a global partnership. As leaders of nations committed to the values of
human freedom, democracy and rule of law, the new relationship between
India and the United States will promote stability, democracy, prosperity
and peace throughout the world. It will enhance our ability to work together
to provide global leadership in areas of mutual concern and interest.
Building on their common values and interests, the two leaders resolve:
- To create an international environment conducive to promotion of
democratic values, and to strengthen democratic practices in societies
which wish to become more open and pluralistic.
- To combat terrorism relentlessly. They applaud the active and vigorous
counterterrorism cooperation between the two countries and support more
international efforts in this direction. Terrorism is a global scourge
and the one we will fight everywhere. The two leaders strongly affirm
their commitment to the conclusion by September of a UN comprehensive
convention against international terrorism.
The Prime Minister's visit coincides with the completion of the Next
Steps in Strategic Partnership (NSSP) initiative, launched in January
2004. The two leaders agree that this provides the basis for expanding
bilateral activities and commerce in space, civil nuclear energy and dual-use
Drawing on their mutual vision for the U.S.-India relationship, and
our joint objectives as strong long-standing democracies, the two leaders
agree on the following:
FOR THE ECONOMY
- Revitalize the U.S.-India Economic Dialogue and launch a CEO Forum
to harness private sector energy and ideas to deepen the bilateral economic
- Support and accelerate economic growth in both countries through
greater trade, investment, and technology collaboration.
- Promote modernization of India's infrastructure as a prerequisite
for the continued growth of the Indian economy. As India enhances its
investment climate, opportunities for investment will increase.
- Launch a U.S.-India Knowledge Initiative on Agriculture focused on
promoting teaching, research, service and commercial linkages.
FOR ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT
- Strengthen energy security and promote the development of stable
and efficient energy markets in India with a view to ensuring adequate,
affordable energy supplies and conscious of the need for sustainable
development. These issues will be addressed through the U.S.-India Energy
- Agree on the need to promote the imperatives of development and safeguarding
the environment, commit to developing and deploying cleaner, more efficient,
affordable, and diversified energy technologies.
FOR DEMOCRACY AND DEVELOPMENT
- Develop and support, through the new U.S.-India Global Democracy
Initiative in countries that seek such assistance, institutions and
resources that strengthen the foundations that make democracies credible
and effective. India and the U.S. will work together to strengthen democratic
practices and capacities and contribute to the new U.N. Democracy Fund.
- Commit to strengthen cooperation and combat HIV/AIDs at a global
level through an initiative that mobilizes private sector and government
resources, knowledge, and expertise.
FOR NON-PROLIFERATION AND SECURITY
- Express satisfaction at the New Framework for the U.S.-India Defense
Relationship as a basis for future cooperation, including in the field
of defense technology.
- Commit to play a leading role in international efforts to prevent
the proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction. The U.S. welcomed
the adoption by India of legislation on WMD (Prevention of Unlawful
- Launch a new U.S.-India Disaster Relief Initiative that builds on
the experience of the Tsunami Core Group, to strengthen cooperation
to prepare for and conduct disaster relief operations.
FOR HIGH-TECHNOLOGY AND SPACE
- Sign a Science and Technology Framework Agreement, building on the
U.S.-India High-Technology Cooperation Group (HTCG), to provide for
joint research and training, and the establishment of public-private
- Build closer ties in space exploration, satellite navigation and
launch, and in the commercial space arena through mechanisms such as
the U.S.-India Working Group on Civil Space Cooperation.
- Building on the strengthened nonproliferation commitments undertaken
in the NSSP, to remove certain Indian organizations from the Department
of Commerce's Entity List.
Recognizing the significance of civilian nuclear energy for meeting
growing global energy demands in a cleaner and more efficient manner,
the two leaders discussed India's plans to develop its civilian nuclear
President Bush conveyed his appreciation to the Prime Minister over
India's strong commitment to preventing WMD proliferation and stated that
as a responsible state with advanced nuclear technology, India should
acquire the same benefits and advantages as other such states. The President
told the Prime Minister that he will work to achieve full civil nuclear
energy cooperation with India as it realizes its goals of promoting nuclear
power and achieving energy security. The President would also seek agreement
from Congress to adjust U.S. laws and policies, and the United States
will work with friends and allies to adjust international regimes to enable
full civil nuclear energy cooperation and trade with India, including
but not limited to expeditious consideration of fuel supplies for safeguarded
nuclear reactors at Tarapur. In the meantime, the United States will encourage
its partners to also consider this request expeditiously. India has expressed
its interest in ITER and a willingness to contribute. The United States
will consult with its partners considering India's participation. The
United States will consult with the other participants in the Generation
IV International Forum with a view toward India's inclusion.
The Prime Minister conveyed that for his part, India would reciprocally
agree that it would be ready to assume the same responsibilities and practices
and acquire the same benefits and advantages as other leading countries
with advanced nuclear technology, such as the United States. These responsibilities
and practices consist of identifying and separating civilian and military
nuclear facilities and programs in a phased manner and filing a declaration
regarding its civilians facilities with the International Atomic Energy
Agency (IAEA); taking a decision to place voluntarily its civilian nuclear
facilities under IAEA safeguards; signing and adhering to an Additional
Protocol with respect to civilian nuclear facilities; continuing India's
unilateral moratorium on nuclear testing; working with the United States
for the conclusion of a multilateral Fissile Material Cut Off Treaty;
refraining from transfer of enrichment and reprocessing technologies to
states that do not have them and supporting international efforts to limit
their spread; and ensuring that the necessary steps have been taken to
secure nuclear materials and technology through comprehensive export control
legislation and through harmonization and adherence to Missile Technology
Control Regime (MTCR) and Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) guidelines.
The President welcomed the Prime Minister's assurance. The two leaders
agreed to establish a working group to undertake on a phased basis in
the months ahead the necessary actions mentioned above to fulfill these
commitments. The President and Prime Minister also agreed that they would
review this progress when the President visits India in 2006.
The two leaders also reiterated their commitment that their countries
would play a leading role in international efforts to prevent the proliferation
of weapons of mass destruction, including nuclear, chemical, biological
and radiological weapons.
In light of this closer relationship, and the recognition of India's
growing role in enhancing regional and global security, the Prime Minister
and the President agree that international institutions must fully reflect
changes in the global scenario that have taken place since 1945. The President
reiterated his view that international institutions are going to have
to adapt to reflect India's central and growing role. The two leaders
state their expectations that India and the United States will strengthen
their cooperation in global forums.
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh thanks President Bush for the warmth of
his reception and the generosity of his hospitality. He extends an invitation
to President Bush to visit India at his convenience and the President
accepts that invitation.
# # #
State Department Fact Sheet
Fact Sheet, Office of the Spokesman, Washington, DC July 22, 2005.
The United States has established a global partnership with India which
encourages India’s emergence as a positive force on the world scene. The
U.S. and India have agreed that India should receive the benefits and
accept all the responsibilities of the world’s leading states with advanced
nuclear technology, concurrent with its enhanced nonproliferation commitments
and in the context of its growing energy needs. The agreement to reach
full civil nuclear cooperation brings India into the international nonproliferation
mainstream. It opens new doorways for a cleaner and more secure global
energy future. It makes the United States an essential partner as India
normalizes its rising position in the community of nations.
India will assume the same responsibilities and practices as other countries
with advanced nuclear programs, and has agreed to:
- Identify and separate civilian and military nuclear facilities and
programs and file an IAEA declaration regarding its civilian facilities;
- Place voluntarily its civilian nuclear facilities under IAEA safeguards;
- Sign and adhere to an Additional Protocol with respect to civilian
- Continue its unilateral moratorium on nuclear testing;
- Work with the U.S. for the conclusion of a multilateral Fissile Material
Cut Off Treaty;
- Refrain from the transfer of enrichment and reprocessing technologies
to states that do not have them and support efforts to limit their spread;
- and Secure nuclear materials and technology through comprehensive
export control legislation and adherence to the Missile Technology Control
Regime and Nuclear Suppliers Group.
The United States has reciprocally promised that the Administration will:
- Seek agreement from Congress to adjust U.S. laws and policies;
- Work with friends and allies to adjust international regimes to enable
full civil nuclear energy cooperation and trade with India;
- and Consult with partners on India’s participation in the fusion energy
consortium ITER and support India’s part in work to develop advanced
Indian commitments to uphold central nonproliferation norms pave the
way forward for expanded cooperation in the civil nuclear sphere. The
agreement strengthens energy security and promotes the development of
stable and efficient energy markets in India to ensure adequate, affordable
energy supplies. These actions firmly align the U.S. with the world’s
Released on July 22, 2005
Source: US Department of State, http://www.state.gov.
© 2005 The Acronym Institute.