Disarmament DiplomacyIssue No. 23, February 1998
China's Nuclear and Dual-Use Export Controls: US State Department Fact Sheet
'China's Nuclear and Nuclear-Related Dual-Use Export Controls,' US State Department Fact Sheet, 4 February 1998
Editor's note: the Fact Sheet was issued by the State Department to coincide with 4 February testimony to the House Committee on International Relations by Robert J. Einhorn, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Nonproliferation. See last issue for extensive extracts of an interview with Einhorn on this topic.
"State Council Decree
In May 1997, China's State Council issued a Circular on Strict Implementation of China's Nuclear Export Policy which covered the export of nuclear and nuclear-related dual-use items on an interim basis. This directive:
Nuclear Export Control Regulations
In September 1997, China issued nuclear export control regulations and an associated control list. These regulations:
Zangger Committee Membership
On 16 October, 1997, China joined the NPT Exporters Committee, also known as the Zangger Committee, which represents China's first membership in a multilateral export control regime. Ambassador Li Changhe of the Chinese Permanent Mission in Vienna delivered a prepared statement at the October meeting which outlined in detail China's nuclear and nuclear-related dual-use export control policies and practices. His statement set forth the basis and content of Chinese nuclear export controls, and he stressed that China's nuclear export control system is based on three basic principles:
(1) serving peaceful purposes only;
(2) accepting IAEA safeguards;
(3) forbidding transfer to any third country without China's consent.
Li also made clear that China's policy of not assisting unsafeguarded nuclear facilities extends to activities related to nuclear explosive devices, and that China strictly prohibits any exchange of nuclear weapons related technology and information with other countries. In another key pronouncement, Li affirmed that Chinese government departments have the right to deny the export of an item not on a control list if there is reason to believe that the export might contribute to nuclear proliferation. Such 'catch-all' controls have become an important feature of an effective nationwide WMD export control system.
Nuclear-related Dual-Use Export Control Regulations
Chinese authorities have stated that they will issue formal nuclear-related dual-use export control regulations by mid-1998. Ambassador Li, in his statement to the Zangger Committee, confirmed that the control list associated with these regulations will be based on the Nuclear Suppliers Groups dual-use control list, as defined in INFCIRC 254, Part II (as were China's interim dual-use controls discussed above). Until the formal dual-use regulations are issued, the Interim Directive controls nuclear-related dual-use exports."
© 1998 The Acronym Institute.