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The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and the International Atomic Energy Agency

This page has information about the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and the International Atomic Energy Agency (see below).

Non-Proliferation Treaty

The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) was concluded in 1968 and entered into force on March 5, 1970. It is the founding document of multilateral nonproliferation endeavours and deals with preventing the spread of nuclear weapons and contains commitments on nonproliferation, safeguards, nuclear disarmament, nuclear energy and nuclear-weapons free zones. Its first paragraph explained the reason why the NPT was negotiated and needed: “Considering the devastation that would be visited upon all mankind by a nuclear war and the consequent need to make every effort to avert the danger of such a war and to take measures to safeguard the security of peoples...”. All countries except India, Israel, and Pakistan have joined this Treaty, although in 2003 North Korea withdrew in order to develop nuclear weapons, which it demonstrated with nuclear tests in 2006 and 2009. The Acronym Institute has closely followed NPT developments since 1994.

The NPT held its 8th Review Conference during 3-28 May 2010 in New York.  For information and analysis on the 2010 NPT Review Conference, including the Acronym Institute's daily blog from the conference, please visit the 2010 RevCon page. Since 2010, there has been little progress on conference agreements and NPT implementation, particularly with regard to the flagship commitment to appoint a facilitator and hold a conference in 2012 to take forward the objectives of the 1995 Resolution on the Middle East, including a Zone free of weapons of mass destruction. From 30 June - 1 July 2011, the five NPT-recognised Nuclear Weapon States (NWS) held a meeting in Paris to follow up on the commitments they made at the 2010 NPT Review Conference. According to their press statement the self-designated “P5” (so called because the five – Britain, China, France, Russia and the US – are also the permanent members of the UN Security Council) “continued their previous discussions on the issues of transparency and mutual confidence, including nuclear doctrine and capabilities, and of verification, recognizing such measures are important for establishing a firm foundation for further disarmament efforts”.

This page provides recent coverage of the NPT. Coverage prior to 2010 can be found via the NPT Archive page.

NPT Key Texts and Data

NPT Briefings: 2010 & beyond

In 2010, the Acronym Institute produced a series of key briefings for the 2010 NPT Review Conference and beyond. Drawing on the knowledge and experience of key thinkers, analysts and experts in the field of multilateral arms control and international security, the briefings address some of the core issues relating to the NPT, non-proliferation and disarmament with the aim of enhancing the conference outcome and developing collective strategies to move towards security in a world free of nuclear weapons. The briefings remain a key resource for those working on nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation:

Other NPT Analysis from the Acronym Institute

Towards 2010 and Beyond


More Acronym coverage of the 2008 PrepCom is available at our NPT archive.

Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Initiatives (2009 & before)

Government, Parliamentary and Official Speeches and Documents

Non-Governmental Initiatives

External Links

See also: Acronym Institute coverage of previous NPT Review Conferences and PrepComs.

International Atomic Energy Agency

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is responsible for safegards agreements under the NPT (Article III). Increasingly, questions are raised about the contradictions between effective fulfilment of this verification role and the IAEA's mission of promoting nuclear energy. The Acronym Institute does not cover the IAEA's work in general, but only in relation to the NPT. See also our section on Iran and Nuclear Weapons for coverage of IAEA engagement with Iran and the North Korea section for IAEA statements relevant to North Korea.

Reports and Statements

Click here for older IAEA Statements and Documents

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© 2010 The Acronym Institute.